Phonics is a very important part of learning to read and write. We follow the ‘Letters and Sounds’
guidance from the Department for Education which supports children to progress through phases of

Your child will be involved in daily phonics lessons where they will be taught the sound (phoneme)
that a letter (grapheme) makes. For example, the letter ‘s’ makes the long ‘ssss’ sound like at the
beginning of the word snake.

Your child will also learn key skills such as segmenting and blending. Segmenting is where a word is broken down into its individual sounds, for example cat becomes c-a-t, this skill is important for
spelling. Blending is where the sounds in a word are squashed back together, for example d-o-g
becomes dog, this skill is important for reading.

There are some words which can not be read or spelt using segmenting and blending skills, we call
these ‘tricky words’ and children are taught to read them through sight recognition.
Please explore the links below to find out more about how we teach phonics and why it is so

We follow the Letters and Sounds guidance and you can find lots of information and helpful tips for
supporting your child at home here:

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 It is important that children learn to say each sound correctly and you can find out more about how

to pronounce speech sounds here:

Below are some useful websites with phonics games for you to explore at home:

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